(JTA) - With the Jewish year winding down, here's a look back at 13 Jews who repeatedly made the news in 5775. Whether you love them or hate them - or your feelings are purely pareve - it's hard to deny they had an impact.
Lacey Schwartz, 38, grew up believing she was a white Ashkenazi Jew, only to discover that her biological father was an African-American man with whom her mother had an affair. In "Little White Lie," a documentary that screened in major U.S. cities and aired on PBS in March, Schwartz explored her shifting racial identity and what it means to be black - and Jewish - in America. Designated a New York Times Critics' Pick, the film received favorable reviews overall. Plus, in a year in which high-profile police brutality cases involving black youth and a massacre at a black church have captured the public's attention, "Little White Lie" has contributed to the larger discussion about race in America.
Lacey Schwartz at the Tribeca Film Festival in New York City, May 6, 2006. (Mat Szwajkos/Getty Images)
American-Israeli coach David Blatt, in his first season as the Cleveland Cavaliers head coach, guided the club to the NBA Finals and put the Midwestern city on the radar of Israelis - Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu among them. Blatt, 56, had come to Cleveland after coaching Maccabi Tel Aviv to an unlikely Euroleague title. The Boston-area native had played professionally in Israel, making aliyah in 1979, and in college at Princeton.
Israeli-American coach David Blatt of the Cleveland Cavaliers speaking with star player LeBron James during the NBA's Eastern Conference Finals in Atlanta, May 26, 2015. (Gregory Shamus/Getty Images)
Few Jewish names are as well known worldwide as Abraham Foxman, who retired from the Anti-Defamation League after nearly three decades at its helm (and five decades on its staff). In addition to being the world's most outspoken critic of all things anti-Semitic, the 75-year-old Foxman has a personal story worthy of a film: Born in Poland one year after Germany's invasion, Foxman was left in the care of his Catholic nanny during the Holocaust and did not discover he was Jewish - or reunite with his parents - until after the war.
Abraham Foxman holding a replica of his Hollywood Walk of Fame Star as he is honored in Beverly Hills, Calif., at the Anti-Defamation League's annual meeting, Nov. 7, 2014. (Kevork Djansezian/Getty Images)
Rabbi Barry Freundel
Long one of America's most prominent modern Orthodox rabbis, Barry Freundel, 63, shocked the Jewish community when he was arrested on charges of voyeurism. He was sentenced in May to 6 1/2 years in prison for secretly videotaping dozens of women in the mikvah affiliated with his Washington, D.C., congregation, Kesher Israel. Freundel had encouraged women studying for conversion to take "practice dunks" in the mikvah, and as the case against him unfolded, numerous leaders called for checks on rabbinic power and a more transparent system for Orthodox conversion to Judaism.
Rabbi Barry Freundel exiting the courthouse in Washington, D.C., after entering his guilty plea, Feb. 19, 2015. (Dmitriy Shapiro/Washington Jewish Week)
Ruth Bader Ginsburg
How many 82-year-olds not only continue to work full time but also have a hipster fan blog on Tumblr, T-shirts and tattoos celebrating them, and get to be played by Natalie Portman in a movie about their life? In recent years, Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, one of the U.S. Supreme Court's most reliably liberal votes, has morphed from merely being a prominent public figure to "the Notorious RBG" and the subject of a forthcoming book and the aforementioned film. Though some critics think it's high time Ginsburg retired, the Brooklyn-born justice and feminist icon is still going strong.
U.S. Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg speaking at an annual Women's History Month reception hosted by House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi at the U.S. Capitol in Washington, D.C., March 18, 2015. (Allison Shelley/Getty Images)
In December, 65-year-old American Jewish contractor Alan Gross got the best Hanukkah present ever: release from a Cuban prison, where he had been languishing for five years. Gross' freedom was negotiated as part of a historic thaw in relations between the United States and Cuba. Since returning home, Gross has credited the Jewish community for helping to secure his freedom and has lobbied for easing U.S. travel and trade restrictions with Cuba.
Alan Gross, freed from a Cuban prison earlier in the day, waves after concluding his remarks with his wife, Judy, at a news conference in Washington, D.C., shortly after arriving in the United States, Dec. 17, 2014. (Win McNamee/Getty Images)
American-born Michael Oren, 60, is the former Israeli ambassador to the United States - but his new book, "Ally," has been anything but diplomatic, inflaming many with his harsh (and some say unfair) criticism of the Obama administration. Although Oren is a Knesset member for Kulanu, the center-right party's leadership recently distanced itself from his contention that President Barack Obama betrayed Israel. Oren, who was raised in New Jersey and has a doctorate in Near Eastern studies from Princeton, made aliyah in 1979.
Michael Oren, shown speaking at the Holocaust Day of Remembrance ceremony at the U.S. Capitol in 2010, caused a stir with accusations in his book against President Obama. (Astrid Riecken/Getty Images)
The Israel-born Natalie Portman, 34, was among the most talked-about stars at this year's Cannes Film Festival, which premiered her directorial debut, an adaptation (in Hebrew) of a memoir by the Israeli writer Amos Oz. A Harvard grad and Oscar winner who will star in upcoming films about Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis and Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Portman sounded off in a recent Hollywood Reporter interview on various Jewish topics, including her dislike of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and what it's like to be a Jew living in Paris.
Natalie Portman at the 68th annual Cannes Film Festival, where her debut film as a director premiered, May 17, 2015. (Pascal Le Segretain/Getty Images)
Since announcing in April that he would challenge frontrunner Hillary Rodham Clinton for the 2016 Democratic presidential nomination, the Vermont senator and self-described socialist (he's officially an independent) Bernie Sanders has been a left-wing darling, appealing to those who see Clinton as too establishment. The only Jewish candidate in the race, the 73-year-old, Brooklyn-raised Sanders bristled recently when radio host Diane Rehm incorrectly said he had dual Israeli citizenship. That's not to say he isn't proud of his Jewish background, which he says sparked his interest in politics.
Sen. Bernie Sanders of Vermont speaking at the Phoenix Convention Center, July 18, 2015. (Charlie Leight/Getty Images)
Israel's justice minister, 39-year-old Ayelet Shaked, came into the public eye this spring as Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu struggled to cement his right-wing coalition following the March 17 elections. Although she is secular and lives in Tel Aviv, Shaked is a member of Jewish Home, a pro-settler party. Her calls to deport African migrants, limit the powers of Israel's High Court and enact the controversial "Jewish state" law have alarmed many on the left.
Jewish Home's Ayelet Shaked making a point about budgets for Israeli settlements at a Knesset committee meeting in Jerusalem, Nov. 10, 2014. (Hadas Parush/Flash90)
Wendy Sherman, who is in her mid-60s, was the chief U.S. negotiator in the nuclear deal with Iran and one of the few women participating in the negotiations. In May, Sherman announced that once the Iran deal concluded she would step down from the Obama administration, where she has served as under secretary of state for policy - the No. 3 position in the department - since 2011. In a statement published in The New York Times, President Obama praised Sherman's "unique combination of intellect, toughness and persistence, which have made her one of the most effective diplomats of her generation."
Wendy Sherman was the top U.S. negotiator in the world powers' nuclear talks with Iran. (Eric Bridiers/U.S. Mission Geneva)
Inspired by her own father coming out as transgender in 2011, TV producer-writer Jill Soloway, 49, created "Transparent," one of the most acclaimed shows of the past year. Described by the Forward as "the Jewiest show ever," the Golden Globe Award-winning comedy follows the very Jewish Pfefferman family in the wake of its patriarch announcing that he is becoming a woman. The series - which features a female rabbi character - has been at the forefront of a larger transgender awareness zeitgeist this year (thanks, in large part, to one Caitlyn Jenner).
Jill Soloway attending the Directors Guild of America Awards in Century City, Calif., Feb. 7, 2015. (David Buchan/Getty Images)
The announcement this year that "Daily Show" host Jon Stewart, 52, was stepping down devastated his fans - particularly when news surfaced that his South African replacement, Trevor Noah, has made anti-Israel remarks on Twitter. Nominated in July for an Emmy, the unabashedly liberal Stewart (nee Jonathan Stuart Leibowitz) presided over Comedy Central's fake news program for 16 years, during which time there have been countless Jewy moments.
Jon Stewart on stage at Comedy Central's "Night Of Too Many Stars" at the Beacon Theatre in New York City, Feb. 28, 2015. (Stephen Lovekin/Getty Images for Comedy Central)